US Citizenship Test Questions And Answers

Citizenship Test Questions and Answers
Citizenship Test Questions and Answers

Here is a list of US Citizenship test questions and answers for your reference. The U.S. Citizenship Test consists of two components:

  1. The English language proficiency test
  2. The civics test

The Naturalization interview is the final step in the process of becoming a U.S. citizen. For an immigrant, this is the next and final step after being a green card holder.

Below is a list of all 100 civics test questions and answers.

During the citizenship test:

  • A USCIS officer will ask the applicant 10 of these questions
  • To pass the civics test the applicant must answer at least 6 of them correctly.

Please note: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may make changes or updates to the citizenship test questions over time. Research and prepare the latest list of questions and answers before your citizenship test.

The citizenship test questions are organized into the following categories:

  • Principles of American Democracy
  • System of Government
  • Rights and Responsibility
  • Colonial Period and Independence
  • 1800s
  • Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information
  • Geography

An applicant of age 65 or older and who has been a green card holder for 20 or more years, only needs to study questions that are marked with an asterisk for the citizenship test.

There are special considerations for applicants who, at the time of filing their Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, are over 65 years old and have been permanent residents for at least 20 years.

These applicants qualify to take the civics test in a language of their choice and are only required to study 20 of the 100 civics test questions for the naturalization interview.

100 Civics Test Questions and Answers

The 100 civics test questions and answers for the naturalization interview are listed below. The civics test is an oral test.

U.S. Citizenship Test Questions and Answers

American Government

US naturalization interview
US naturalization interview

A: Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

Answer: The Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do?

Answers (choose one):

  • It sets up the government
  • Defines the government
  • Protects basic rights of Americans

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

Correct Answer: “We the People”

4. What is an amendment?

Answers (choose one):

  • A change (to the Constitution)
  • An addition (to the Constitution)

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

Answer: The Bill of Rights

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

Answers (choose one):

  • Speech
  • Religion
  • Assembly
  • Press
  • Petition the government

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

Correct Answer: 27 (Twenty-Seven)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

Answers (choose one):

  • It announced our independence (from Great Britain)
  • Declared our independence (from Great Britain)
  • Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9. What are the two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

Answers (choose two):

  • Life
  • Liberty
  • Pursuit of happiness

10. What is freedom of religion?

Answer: You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion

11. What is the Economic system in the United States?*

Answer (choose one):

  • Capitalist economy
  • Market economy

12. What is the “rule of law”?

Answers (choose one):

  • Everyone must follow the law
  • Leaders must obey the law
  • The government must obey the law
  • No one is above the law

B: System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.*

Answers (choose one):

  • Congress
  • Legislative branch
  • President
  • Executive branch
  • The Courts
  • Judicial branch

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

Answers (choose one):

  • Checks and balances
  • Separation of powers

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

Answer: The President

16. Who makes federal laws?

Answers (choose one):

  • Congress
  • Senates and House (of Representatives)
  • (U.S. or national) legislature

The Constitution

Citizens Interview Questions
Citizens Interview Questions

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

Correct Answer: The Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. How many U.S. senators are there?

Correct Answer: 100 (One Hundred)

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

Correct Answer: 6 (Six)

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

Answer: Answers will vary

You can find the current senator for your state on the website

  • The District of Columbia residents, and
  • Residents of U.S. territories
  • Should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives)
  • Has no U.S. Senators.

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

Correct Answer: 435 (Four Hundred and Thirty Five)

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

Correct Answer: 2 (Two)

23. Name your U.S. Representative

Answer: Answers will vary

You can find the current representative for your district on

  • Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or
  • Resident Commissioners
  • May provide the names of that Delegate or Commissioner.

The statement that the territory has no voting Representatives in Congress, is also acceptable.

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

Answer: All people of the state

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than the other states?

Answer (choose one):

  • (Because of) the state’s population
  • (Because) they have more people
  • (Because) some states have more people

26. We elect a President for how many years?

Correct Answer: 4 (Four).

27. In what month do we vote for President?*

Answer: November

28. What is the name of the President of the United States Now?*

Answer: The answer may vary

For the name of the President of the United States visit

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Answer: The answer may vary

To learn the name of the current U.S. Vice President, Visit

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

Answer: The Vice President

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

Answer: The Speaker of the House

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

Answer: The President

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

Answer: The President

34. Who Vetoes Bills?

Answer: The President

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

Answer: Advises the President

36. What are the two Cabinet-level positions?

Answers (choose two):

  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Homeland Security
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of Interior
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of State
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of Treasury
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Attorney General
  • Vice President

37. What does the Judicial branch do?

Answers (choose one):

  • Revive laws
  • Explains laws
  • Resolves Disputes (disagreements)
  • Decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

Answer: The Supreme Court

39. How many Justices are on the Supreme Court?

Correct Answer: For the number of Supreme Court justices Visit

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

Answer: Answers may vary

To learn the name of the Chief Justice of the United States go to the website

41. What is one power of the federal government?

Answers (choose one):

  • To print money
  • To declare war
  • To create an army
  • To make treaties

42. Name one power of the states

Answer (choose one):

  • Give driver’s license
  • Providing schooling and education
  • Approve zoning and land use
  • Provide safety (fire department)
  • Provide protection (Police)

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

Answer: The answers will vary based on where the applicant is living.

Note: D.C. doesn’t have a governor, Residents of D.C. must answer D.C. doesn’t have a governor.

For a list of current governors, refer

44. What is the capital of your state?*

Answer: The answer will vary.

[District of Columbia is not a state, residents of the District of Columbia should answer D.C. does not have a capital.

Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

(You can find the capital of your state on the internet or in a U.S. government Publication.)

45. Name two major political parties in the United States.*

Answer: Democratic and Republican.

46. What is the political party of the President now?

Answer: For the political party of the President visit

47. Name the Speaker of the House of Representatives now

For the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives Visit

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. Describe one of the four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote

Answer (choose one):

  • Any citizen can vote (Men and Women can vote)
  • You don’t have to pay a poll tax to vote
  • A male citizen of any race can vote
  • Citizens 18 and older can vote

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States Citizens?*

Answer (choose one):

  • Vote in a federal election
  • Serve on a jury

50. Name one right only for United States citizens

Answer (choose one):

  • Vote in a federal election, and
  • Run for federal office

51. Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S

Answer (choose two):

  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of assembly
  • Freedom to petition the government
  • Freedom of religion
  • The right to bear arms

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?


  • The United States
  • The flag

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

Answer (Choose one):

  • Give up loyalty to other countries
  • Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
  • Obey the laws of the United States
  • Serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
  • Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
  • Be loyal to the United States

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

Answer: 18 (Eighteen) and older

55. What are the two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

Answer (choose two):

  • Vote
  • Join a political party
  • Help with a campaign
  • Join a civic group
  • Join a communist group
  • Give an elected official your opinions on an issue
  • Call Senators and Representatives
  • Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
  • Run for office
  • Write to a newspaper

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

Correct Answer: April 15

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?


  • At age 18 (Eighteen)
  • Between 18 (Eighteen) and 26 (Twenty-six)


U S citizenship test questions
U S citizenship test questions

A: Colonial Period and Independence

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

Answer (choose one):

  • Freedom
  • Political Liberty
  • Religious Freedom
  • Economic Opportunity
  • Practice their religion
  • Escape persecution

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?


  • American Indians
  • Native Americans

60. Which group of people was taken to the U.S. and sold as slaves?


  • People from Africa
  • Africans

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?


  • Because of high taxes (Taxation without Representation)
  • Because the British army stayed in their houses (Boarding, Quartering)
  • Because they didn’t have self-government

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Answer: Thomas Jefferson

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

Answer: July 4, 1776

64. Name three of the 13 original states

Answer (choose any three):

  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?


  • The Constitution was written
  • The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution

66. When was the Constitution written?

Answer: 1787

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

Answer (Name any 1):

  • James Madison
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Jay
  • Publius

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

Answer (choose one):

  • U.S. diplomat
  • The oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
  • The first Postmaster General of the United States, and
  • Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
  • Started the first free libraries

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

Correct Answer: George Washington

70. Who was the first President?*

Answer: George Washington.

B: 1800s

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?


  • The Louisiana Territory
  • Louisiana

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s

Answer (choose one):

  • War of 1812
  • Mexican-American War
  • Civil War
  • Spanish-American War

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South


  • The Civil War
  • The War between the States

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War

Answer (choose one):

  • Economic reasons
  • Slavery
  • States’ rights

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

Answer (choose one):

  • Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
  • Saved (or preserved) the Union
  • Led the United States during the Civil War

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?


It freed (the) slaves (in the Confederate states)

Freed slaves (in most Southern states)

Freed slaves (in the Confederacy)

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?


  • Fought for women’s rights
  • Fought for civil rights

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s*

Answer (choose one):

  • World war I
  • World war II
  • Korean war
  • Vietnam war
  • (Persian) Gulf war

79. Who was the President during World War I?

Answer: Woodrow Wilson

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

Answer: Franklin D. Roosevelt

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?


  • Japan
  • Germany, and
  • Italy

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

Answer: World War II

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

Answer: Communism

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

Answer: Civil rights movement

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. Do?*

Answer: Fought for civil rights, and worked for equality for all Americans

86. What Major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States.

Answer: Terrorists attacked the United States

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

Answer (choose one):

  • Cherokee
  • Navajo
  • Sioux
  • Chippewa
  • Choctaw
  • Pueblo
  • Apache
  • Iroquois
  • Creek
  • Blackfeet
  • Seminole
  • Cheyenne
  • Arawak
  • Shawnee
  • Mohegan
  • Huron
  • Oneida
  • Lakota
  • Crow
  • Teton
  • Hopi
  • Inuit


A: Geography

88. Name one of the longest rivers in the United States

Answer (choose one):

  • Mississippi River
  • Missouri River

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

Answer: The Pacific Ocean

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

Answer: The Atlantic Ocean

91. Name one U.S. territory

Answers (choose one):

  • Puerto Rico
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
  • American Samoa
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Guam

92. Name one state that borders Canada

Answer (choose one):

  • Maine
  • New Hampshire
  • Vermont
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Ohio
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • North Dakota
  • Montana
  • Idaho
  • Washington
  • Alaska

93. Name one state that borders Mexico

Answer (choose one):

  • California
  • Arizona
  • New Mexico
  • Texas

94. What is the capital of the United States?*

Answer: Washington D.C.

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*


New York (Harbor), Liberty Islands, [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River)]

B: Symbols

96. Why does the flag have 13 strips?


  • Because there were 13 original colonies
  • Because the strips represent the original colonies

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*


  • Because there is one star for each state
  • Because there are 50 states
  • Because each star represents a state

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

Answer: The Star-Spangled Banner

C: Holidays

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

Answer: July 4th

100. Name two national U.S. holidays

Answer (choose two):

  • New Year’s Day
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
  • Presidents’ Day
  • Independence Day
  • Labor Day, Columbus Day
  • Veterans Day
  • Thanksgiving
  • Christmas


You can refer the above US citizenship test questions and answers and prepare your self for the U.S. citizenship test. If you want to come to the United States, the starting process is a visa application, see this list of US Visa Types. For those attending a US Visa interview at an embassy or a US consulate see the US Visa visa interview questions. If you want to bring your fiance to the USA then Guide to K1 Visa will be helpful.

Preparing for you US Citizenship test? best wishes!